Almudena Sanchez de la Muela Garzon

Almudena Sanchez de la Muela Garzon

Profile
Profile Display Name:
Almudena Sanchez de la Muela Garzon
E-mail Address:
almudena.muela.16@ucl.ac.uk
Start Year

2016 (Cohort 3)

Research interests:
Hobbies and interests:

PhD Project
PhD Title
Understanding the tectono-magmatic relevance of transverse crustal faults in the Andes, Chile from seismicity and seismic imaging
Research Theme
Solid Earth Dynamics
Primary Supervisor

James Hammond

Primary Institution
BBK
Secondary Supervisor

Tom Mitchell

Secondary Institution
UCL
Abstract

In convergent margins, the main faults and folds tend to align parallel to the margin constituting high-strain domains that control the structural evolution and shape of mountain chains. These first-order structures are considered to represent the long-term record of the deformation history of their associated orogenic belts and volcanic arcs. Nevertheless, second-order structures are abundant in these subductive settings and are thought to play a role in the transport of crustal fluids. Despite this and the presence of significant volcanic, hydrothermal and ore deposits in the Chilean Andes, little is known about transverse structures either on the surface or at depth. Through a combination of NERC and FONDECYT funding 12 broadband seismometers have been deployed in the Teno river valley in March 2017. In my project I will use the resulting data to accurately locate earthquakes and perform seismic tomography to image faults in high resolution from the surface to lower crust/mantle depths in order to understand how these large structures control the transport of fluids at depth.

Policy Impact

The project has important implications for the nature of crustal deformation, earthquake and volcanic hazards in the Andes, but also helps guide exploration strategies of ore deposit and geothermal resources.

Background Reading
  • Stanton‐Yonge, A., Griffith, W. A., Cembrano, J., St Julien, R., & Iturrieta, P. (2016). Tectonic role of margin‐parallel and margin‐transverse faults during oblique subduction in the Southern Volcanic Zone of the Andes: Insights from Boundary Element Modeling. Tectonics, doi:10.1002/2016TC004226
  • Barrientos, S., Vera, E., Alvarado, P., & Monfret, T. (2004). Crustal seismicity in central Chile. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 16(8), 759-768.
  • Thurber and Eberhart-Phillips, 1999 Local earthquake tomography with flexible gridding Computers & Geosciences, 25 (7) (1999), pp. 809–818
  • Publications

    Activities
    Conferences and Workshops
    • Understanding an enigmatic volcano (July 2017).

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