Daniel Parkes

Daniel Parkes

Profile Display Name:

Daniel Parkes

E-mail Address:


Start Year

2019 (Cohort 6)

Research interests:

Quaternary Environments, Interglacial Climates, Glacial Climates, Abrupt Climate Change, Geochronology, Modern Analogues, Palaeoecology, Micropalaeontology

Hobbies and interests:

Playing piano, cleaning, knitting, watching Home under the Hammer.

PhD Project
PhD Title

Investigating the cause and the structure of abrupt climate change events in Marina Oxygen Isotope stage 11

Research Theme

Past Life and Environments

Primary Supervisor
Primary Institution


Secondary Supervisor
Secondary Institution



Throughout the last 2.6 million years the earth’s climate has oscillated between cold and warm phases, known as glacial-interglacial cycles, as a result of orbital forcing. To better understand climatic responses, it is necessary to look at interglacial periods with similar orbital parameters to today. Of these, Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage (MIS) 11 (~424,000 years ago) is of growing importance as; 1) an orbital analogue to the present day; and 2) a time of significant Greenland Ice Sheet (GIS) loss. Freshwater influx as a result of GIS melt is thought to induce climatic instability in the northern hemisphere by disrupting ocean circulation, which normally brings warm water to the higher latitudes. This is hypothesised to be the cause of a cooling event known as “The Non-Arboreal Pollen Phase” in MIS 11c, which is recorded in sediments across Europe, though the mechanism of this event is not well understood. This PhD project aims to resolve this by (1) producing high-resolution temperature and aridity records for palaeolake basin(s) that record the event (2) investigating this event in multiple marine sites across the North Atlantic (3) establishing the driving factors responsible for this event.

Policy Impact

Understanding the earth-system response to GIS melt during interglacial periods is necessary for policy makers as we approach a period of substantial GIS wastage.

Background Reading



Social Links
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