Christopher Francis

Christopher Francis

Profile Display Name:

Chris Francis

E-mail Address:

Start Year

2017 (Cohort 4)

Research interests:

Lateglacial Interstadial, Quantitative climate reconstruction, abrupt climate change, chironomids, chironomid-inferred temperatures, oxygen isotopes, chronology, tephrochronology, radiocarbon dating, palaeolimnology.

Hobbies and interests:

PhD Project
PhD Title

Investigating climatic gradients across Britain during the Lateglacial Interstadial (GI-1) using chironomids and oxygen isotopes

Research Theme

Past Life and Environments

Primary Supervisor
Primary Institution


Secondary Supervisor
Secondary Institution



The IPCC predict that in the future Northwest Europe will become increasingly susceptible to abrupt cooling events (ACEs). However, the forcing mechanisms causing ACEs are not yet fully understood, though, they are considered to be related to: (1) variations in the strength of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC); (2) solar variability; (3) ice mass configuration; or (4) a combination of these factors. ACEs are frequently observed in Lateglacial Interstadial palaeo-records (c. 14.7-12.9kyr ago) and by studying their spatial patterns the role of each potential forcing mechanism outlined above can be assessed. Unfortunately, there are currently too few records of abrupt climatic events with sufficient resolution to robustly attempt this. Especially lacking are records from latitudes known to be most influenced by changing AMOC strength and from locations known to have experienced profound abrupt climate change in the past (50-60oN). Therefore, this study aims to address this lack of information by utilising high-resolution quantitative proxies, from Britain and Ireland, to reconstruct patterns of ACEs during the Lateglacial Interstadial. By studying the pattern, trends, magnitude, and effects of a series of past abrupt climatic events across this time period it is hoped the forcing mechanisms can be better understood.

Policy Impact
Background Reading



Social Links
University Departmental Website:

Personal Website:





Stay informed

Click here to subscribe to our RSS newsletter by email.

Find Us

University College London is the administrative lead.

North-West Wing, UCL, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT

Follow us on Twitter