Illuminate intra-crustal magma/gas transport beneath active volcanoes with very long-period tremors (VLP)

Theme: Solid Earth Dynamics

Primary Supervisor:

Teh-Ru Alex Song

Earth Sciences, UCL

Teh-Ru Alex Song's Profile Picture

Secondary Supervisor:

Chris Kilburn

Earth Sciences, UCL

Chris Kilburn's Profile Picture

Project Description:

Very long-period tremors (VLP)) have been observed in active volcanoes since the pioneering work by Sassa (1935) on supervolcano Asosan in Japan. These VLPs are are often considered as a diagnostic indication of fluid and gas motion inside the volcanic conduit (e.g., Kawakatsu et al, 2000; Chouet & Matoza, 2013). However, can VLP provide a useful inference on the state of physical-chemical processes and fluid motion inside active volcanoes (Gonnermann and Manga, 2007), such as magma ascent rate, and the volume and style of upcoming eruptions? This project aims at detection/characterization of VLP in active volcanoes through analysis of multi-years continuous seismic and tiltmeter data. In particular, the project will examine the source properties of VLP and infer temporal variations of magma/gas ascent rate over single or/and multiple eruption cycles. We also aim to develop a modelling scheme to use VLP to infer change in conduit plug/wall permeability.

Policy Impact of Research:

If VLP can be well understood with respect to internal magmatic heating and degassing processes inside a volcano, it is possible to design a real-time warning system that links to the magma/gas ascent in the shallow magma plumbing system to upcoming eruption.

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