Martin Ramos
Carmen Martin Ramos
Past Life and Environments
Palaeolithic Archaeology, Prehistory, Lithic Technology, Anthropology, Human Evolution
PhD Research

Homo erectus behavioural evolution at Olduvai Gorge (Tanzania). Morphological evolution of Acheulean handaxes in relation to landscape morphology and foraging strategies.

East Africa is widely recognized as a major centre for the study of human evolution; in the Olduvai Gorge area, in particular, archaeological excavations have revealed large amounts of lithic material and faunal remains. However, in contrast to the rich literature on landscape use by Homo habilis and Oldowan sites, less has been published on Homo erectus behavioural evolution and foraging strategies. The aim of this proposal is to explore the relationship between technological evolution and Homo erectus landscape use. Research questions addressing this issue will be examined through detailed analysis of the lithic and bone handaxes of Olduvai Beds II, III and IV, focusing on procedural patterns and sequential structure in handaxe production. A second aim of this project is to assess potential differences/similarities between Lower Pleistocene handaxes from Olduvai Gorge (Tanzania) and Revadim Quarry (Israel), and the Middle Pleistocene handaxes from Castel di Guido (Italy). Since these two sites outside Tanzania provide evidences of bone handaxes, they will permit to address temporal evolution of Acheulean technology, and Homo erectus cognitive and technical capabilities. This project will involve macroscopic and microscopic analysis of bone and lithic tools, as well as macro 3D scanning and geometric morphometrics of the collections
Sylvia Bello
Ignacio de la Torre
Archaeological Practice
Birkbeck College
Universidad de Sevilla
Work Experience
Laboratory technician
UCL Institute of Archaeology
Ignacio de la Torre, Adrián Arroyo, Tomos Proffitt, Carmen Martín Ramos, Angeliki Theodoropoulou
Treballs d’Arqueologia, núm. 20, p. 21-40
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